Rainer Weiss from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) has been awarded half of this year's prize for his major contribution to the concept and construction of the Laser Interferometry Gravitational-wave Observatory (LIGO). Although Albert Einstein never imagined it possible to measure gravitational waves, the LIGO project was able to achieve this by using a pair of huge laser interferometers to measure a change as the gravitational wave passed the Earth.
The other half of the prize will be shared between Kip Thorne from the California Institute of Technology (Caltech) and Barry Barish from the California Institute of Technology. They were part of an global scientific collaboration of about 1,000 researchers, analyzing the data from the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory.
LIGO or the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory captured universe's gravitational waves on September 14 in 2015. The waves took 1.3 billion years to reach earth from its origin. The power of these gravitational waves from colliding the black holes - though for a short spam of time - was many times stronger than the collected light of all the stars in visible universe. "It was wonderful experience", said Weiss, adding that the discovery "have added new knowledges and will open a new science in understanding our universe".
Gravitational waves are "perturbations in space and time itself that travel at the speed of light", Pfeiffer explained.
Three American scientists procured the Nobel Prize in physics that instigated an entirely novel way to observe the cosmos. Their brilliance and ingenuity helped make an extremely ambitious project work and their Nobel Prize is immensely well-deserved. "LIGO has had an extraordinary past few years", she continued, "and this prize was very well deserved by Rai, Kip, Barry, and everyone in the collaboration". The phenomenon detected was the collision of two black holes. These waves transcend everything including human beings and transmit information on them which the astronomers could not lay their hands on.