After Tuesday's failed motion of no confidence, Democratic Alliance leader Mmusi Maimane has announced his party's new plan to try to chuck President Jacob Zuma out of office: the party will table a motion for Parliament to be dissolved and for an early general election. At least 50 MPs of the governing ANC (African National Congress) have to vote against their own President.
President Jacob Zuma has survived another motion of no confidence with 198 MPs voting against the motion, while only 177 supported the motion. Parliamentary speaker Baleka Mbete decided to make the secret ballot after an opposition party moved the case to the Constitutional Court to enable more ANC members of parliament to break party ranks, CNN reported.
The parliamentary speaker on Monday ruled the vote would be by secret ballot - a decision the opposition hoped would embolden ANC members who are unhappy with Mr Zuma to vote against him.
"This planned motion by the DA shows that the DA does not respect our democracy and the electorate of South Africa".
The ANC had its worst showing past year in municipal elections as Zuma faced allegations of corruption. Some longtime party members and anti-apartheid activists have openly called on Zuma to go.
Ahead of the vote, on Tuesday morning, thousands of opposition supporters held a rally in Cape Town where the parliament is located.
During an interview in Kenya with journalist Vauldi Carelse, former president Thabo Mbeki also called for MPs to vote honestly.
South Africa's main opposition party is accusing President Jacob Zuma of "derelict leadership" in its draft resolution in parliament asking for his removal from office.
The United Democratic Movement's leader Bantu Holomisa urged members of parliament to "vote against Mr Zuma, the chief architect of the state of capture".
He told parliament in June this year that the opposition was trying to get a majority they did not have. "That's what brings us here today", he said. This was after Zuma's decision to sack finance minister Pravin Gordhan, triggering the country's recession and downgrading of national credit ratings to "junk" status.
A jubilant Zuma, who would have had to resign with his Cabinet if the motion had succeeded, promised the ANC would win the next election in 2019 "in a big number once again".
"The ANC is supported by the overwhelming majority", he said, before breaking boisterously into song, cracking jokes and telling his supporters that the opposition had been thwarted in an attempted power grab.