The Alabama Department of Public Health's (ADPH) Cardiovascular Health Program is recognizing World Hypertension Day by encouraging Alabamians to get a blood pressure screening from their healthcare providers and speak with them about the dangers of uncontrolled high blood pressure.
Senior cardiologist Dr Santosh Kumar Dora says, "Contrary to these assumptions, studies show an alarming rise in the incidence of hypertension among the young".
"Two-thirds of those with hypertension live in developing countries and only half are aware they have it". Nearly 35 per cent of students who were obese had hypertension, compared to only seven per cent students whose weight was in the normal range.
When systolic BP is equal to or above 140 mmHg and the diastolic BP is equal to or above 90 mmHg, BP is considered as high.
World Hypertension day is one created to raise the consciousness of the pubic to the fierce urgency of the now to maintain a normal blood pressure. The instances of hypertension are rapidly growing in both urban and rural areas, with children also now being affected with it. According to the American Heart Association, thirty percent of Hampton Roads adults have been diagnosed with high blood pressure.
"This will go a long way in reducing the risk factors of being hypertensive, " Akinkunmi said. Other contributing factors include smoking and excess alcohol intake. It can cause severe damage to the arteries, heart, eye blood vessel, or may lead to kidney failure, dementia or bone loss. "However, these secondary causes are present only in a minority and constitute only 10 per cent of the hypertension population".
During the readings, 21% of the doctors had masked hypertension, which is associated with an increased long-term risk of sustained hypertension and cardiovascular morbidity. As bad lifestyle is a major reason behind hypertension, course correcting the same helps control the condition.
Hypertension is a condition generally regarded as high blood pressure during which the arterial blood pressure raises to high level from the normal level. "Treatment of hypertension starts with lifestyle changes or non-pharmacological therapy - dietary changes, increased physical activity and weight reduction". There are different classes of anti-hypertensive drugs available, each of which works differently. However, it rarely carries any signs or symptoms.
Few people with high blood pressure may experience headaches, shortness of breath or nosebleeds. "Processed and ultra-processed foods are the real culprits behind increased sodium intake", said president of Hypertension Society of India, Dr Shashank Joshi. Besides that, it also helps in lowering the blood pressure even if it's already high.